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Tuesday, July 28, 2020 | History

3 edition of Atmospheric thermal radiation over the South Pole found in the catalog.

Atmospheric thermal radiation over the South Pole

Renate Van Allen-Heuberger

Atmospheric thermal radiation over the South Pole

by Renate Van Allen-Heuberger

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Published by Geographisches Institut ETH in Zürich .
Written in English

    Places:
  • South Pole.
    • Subjects:
    • Atmospheric radiation -- South Pole.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references (p. 86-88).

      StatementRenate Van Allen-Heuberger.
      SeriesZürcher geographische Schriften ;, Heft 61
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsQC912.3 .A44 1995
      The Physical Object
      Pagination109 p. :
      Number of Pages109
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL754746M
      ISBN 103906148092
      LC Control Number97150031
      OCLC/WorldCa34179969

      Where q is the heat transferred by radiation, E is the emissivity of the system, σ is the constant of Stephan-Boltzmann ( x 10^-8 W/m^2.K^4), A is the area involved in the heat transfer by radiation, and (ΔT)^4 is the difference of temperature between two systems to the fourth or higher power. ESA's Venus Express data undoubtedly confirm for the first time the presence of a huge 'double-eye' atmospheric vortex at the planet's south pole. This striking result comes from analysis of the.

        The Penn State paper suggests these South Pole upward cosmic rays could be our first sign of supersymmetricals, specifically the partner of the Standard Model's tau leptons. Over . CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): [1] Routine radiation and meteorological data at South Pole Station are used to investigate historical discrepancies of up to 50 W m2 in the monthly mean surface energy budget and to investigate the behavior of turbulent heat fluxes under stable atmospheric temperature conditions.

      Antarctica - Antarctica - Climate: The unique weather and climate of Antarctica provide the basis for its familiar appellations—Home of the Blizzard and White Desert. By far the coldest continent, Antarctica has winter temperatures that range from − °F (− °C), the world’s lowest recorded temperature, measured at Vostok Station (Russia) on J , on the high inland.   "The South Pole is the closest you can get to space and still be on the ground," said John Kovac, a radio astronomer at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and the lead discoverer.


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Atmospheric thermal radiation over the South Pole by Renate Van Allen-Heuberger Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Allen-Heuberger, Renate Van. Atmospheric thermal radiation over the South Pole. Zürich: Geographisches Institut ETH, The atmospheric radiation R integrated over all wavelengths, is specified solely in terms of the screen‐level air temperature T as R = σT 4 {1 ‐ c exp [−d ( ‐ T) 2]}, where c and d are constants having values of and ×10 −4, respectively.

It appears that the formula may be valid at all latitudes and by: Exposure is considerably higher, however, over the Earth's poles, where the planet's magnetic field no longer provides any shielding.

And with a thousand-fold rise in commercial airline flights over the North Pole in the last 10 years, exposure to radiation has become a serious concern. S.G. Philander, in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences (Second Edition), The Atmosphere. The atmospheric circulation in low latitudes corresponds mainly to direct thermal circulations driven by convection over the regions with the highest surface temperatures.

Moisture-bearing trade winds converge onto these regions where the air rises in cumulus towers that provide plentiful rainfall locally. Mengqi Liu, Xiangdong Zheng, Jinqiang Zhang, Xiangao Xia, A revisiting of the parametrization of downward longwave radiation in summer over the Tibetan Plateau based on high-temporal-resolution measurements, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, /acp Cited by:   The thermal Atmospheric thermal radiation over the South Pole book of the Venus atmosphere, extending more than two hundred km above the surface, is a result of the radiative and convective processes, which are governed by the scattering and absorption of the incident solar radiation and of the infrared emitted radiation from the surface and the atmosphere.

The bias in net longwave radiation is balanced during winter by heat flux downward from the atmosphere. Sensible heat flux for the South Pole is shown in Fig. 13a. The thick solid line shows observations from the Patrick Automatic Weather Station at. Near the equator the Sun is highest in the sky and insolation (solar radiation reaching the surface) is larger than thermal radiation loss to space.

At the South Pole during winter there is no. Atmospheric temperature profiles above South Pole Station for UTC 28 August The filled circles are data points from the routine radiosonde launch of the South Pole Weather Office (SPWO); the open triangles are data reported by the same radiosonde on a tethered kite prior to the launch.

South Pole Equator Antarctic Circle. troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere The absorption of longwave radiation in the atmosphere is popularly called _____. Coriolis effect scattering the Greenhouse effect advection the carbon dioxide effect.

advection. Heat transferred laterally in the atmosphere by horizontal wind movements. Atmosphere - Atmosphere - Radiation: The temperature of the atmosphere and surface is influenced by electromagnetic radiation, and this radiation is traditionally divided into two types: insolation from the Sun and emittance from the surface and the atmosphere.

Insolation is frequently referred to as shortwave radiation; it falls primarily within the ultraviolet and visible portions of the. The air eventually stops rising and spreads north and south towards the Earth's poles.

About miles from the equator, the air falls back to Earth's surface blowing towards the pole and back to the equator. Six of these large convection currents cover the Earth from pole to pole. Most of the important processes of the atmosphere take place in the lowest two layers: the troposphere and the stratosphere.

Troposphere. The temperature of the troposphere is highest near the surface of the Earth and decreases with altitude. On average, the temperature gradient of the troposphere is °C per 1, m (°F per 1, ft.) of altitude.

Suppose the net radiative heat balance at the top of the atmosphere averages over the Northern Hemisphere to 5 Wm-2, and averages over the Southern Hemisphere to -5 Wm-2, over a long period of time. Calculate the northward heat flux across the equator in Joules per second necessary to balance this radiative heating difference and maintain a.

Atmospheric and climate scientists will find this book to be an essential one for their libraries.’ Associate Professor Hampton N.

Shirer - Pennsylvania State University ‘I recommend [this book] as a foundation for anyone who wants to do research on the important open questions about aerosols, radiation, biogeochemistry, and ocean. Additionally, if it is also assumed that the now “liberated” model ocean-world can radiate its body heat away — as infrared radiation into the void of space — then the entire planet with.

Thermal radiation from gases and particulates is an important, and often the dominant heat transfer mechanism during the burning of fuel. Therefore, inclusion of an adequate radiation model is essential to the success of a mathematical model of the combustion process, particularly in large systems (with larger optical thickness).

This winter, the mass of cold air over the Arctic was more substantial than in any winter recorded sinceas Markus Rex, an atmospheric scientist at.

Global Atmospheric Pressure. Because more solar energy hits the equator, the air warms and forms a low pressure zone. At the top of the troposphere, half moves toward the North Pole and half toward the South Pole. As it moves along the top of the troposphere it cools.

The cool air is dense and when it reaches a high pressure zone it sinks to. The seasonal and spatial variation of downward longwave radiation (L ↓) at the surface of the Antarctic ice sheet is studied using data from four stations.L ↓ is found to depend on the fourth power of the surface temperature but on the sixth power of the temperature at the top of the surface inversion layer.

The former result is shown to be a consequence of the dominance of longwave. We present the first maps of the apparent thermal inertia and albedo of the south polar region of Mars.

The observations used to create these maps were acquired by the infrared thermal mapper (IRTM) instruments on the two Viking Orbiters over a day period in during the Martian late southern summer season.

The maps cover the region from 60°S to the south polar at a spatial resolution.The earth-atmosphere thermal equilibrium temperature is maintained because: A) Global warming is driving the earth-atmosphere system closer to a pure blackbody.

B) The polar ice caps are melting in order to maintain ocean temperatures. C) Energy radiated from .Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation, traveling as a particle or electromagnetic wave, that carries sufficient energy to detach electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing an atom or a molecule.

Ionizing radiation is made up of energetic subatomic particles, ions or atoms moving at high speeds (usually greater than 1% of the speed of light), and electromagnetic waves on.